1. What is Chinese Kung Fu?
Kung Fu is also known as traditional Chinese martial arts. Kung Fu is the crystallization of the wisdom of the Chinese nation, the embodiment of traditional Chinese culture, and a unique "martial culture" in the world. Chinese kung fu has been widely influenced in the world, not only a large number of Chinese and foreign film and television works with Chinese kung fu themes have appeared, but also Shaolin, Tai Chi, Wing Chun and other Chinese kung fu have been widely spread around the world.
2. Do all Chinese people do Kung Fu?
This is a fun question. Most Chinese people have never learned Chinese kung fu. If you come to China for the first time, you will notice that people seem to do Tai Chi everywhere in China, especially in the parks. In fact, most of the Tai Chi you see is just a physical exercise, not real Kung Fu. Most people who learn kung fu in China do so out of interest, for self-defense and fitness, or for performance. If you want to see real Chinese kung fu, you can visit places where Chinese kung fu is represented, such as Shaolin Temple.
3. What is Shaolin Kung Fu?
Shaolin Kung Fu is one of the famous martial arts schools in China, with a long history and wide influence, and is an important part of traditional Chinese martial arts. The "Shaolin Fist" and "Shaolin Cudgel" occupy an important page in the history of Chinese martial arts. Shaolin Kung Fu originated from the ancient Shaolin Temple, and thus got its name. Shaolin Temple is located in Songshan Mountain, Dengfeng County, Henan Province. It was founded in 495 A.D. and was built by the emperor at that time to accommodate the Indian monk Batuo who came to Songshan to settle and preach. After Batuo Master presided over the Shaolin Temple, many people came to the temple and were ordained as Shaolin monks.
Legend has it that in 527 A.D., the Indian monk Dharma came to Songshan Shaolin Temple to teach Buddhist Zen Buddhism. He faced the wall for nine years, meditated, and cultivated his mind. He was revered as the first ancestor of Chinese Buddhist Zen Buddhism. In those years, Dharma spent his days in meditation and was inevitably tired of his muscles and bones. When he was preaching the sutras, he found that some of his disciples were drowsy and mentally uninspired after sitting in meditation for a long time. In order to drive away tiredness, keep fitness, and protect the temple, Dharma and other people imitate the movements of ancient Chinese exercise and compiled them into fitness activities to teach monks. This is the prototype of "Shaolin Kung Fu". Later, after long-term practice, synthesis, enrichment, improvement by generations of monks and disciples, it gradually formed a set of boxing, up to more than a hundred kinds. Shaolin kung fu is rich in content and has many routines. According to character, it can be roughly divided into internal, external, hard, qing, qigong, and so on. Internal kung fu is based on the practice of essence. External kung fu and Hard kung fu mostly refer to the exercise of a certain part of the body's fierce force. Qing Kung specializes in longitudinal jumping and super distance. According to the techniques, there are more than one hundred kinds of boxing, stick fighting, gun fighting, knife fighting, sword fighting, sparring, apparatus and apparatus training, etc.
4. Can Shaolin monks get married?
Chinese law does not stipulate that monks cannot get married. But a true monk is to be free of desire, so the Buddhist law does not allow marriage.
5. Can I go to Shaolin Temple to learn Kung Fu?
With Bruce Lee, Jet Li, Jackie Chan, and martial arts blockbusters going international, Chinese kung fu has long since become the representative of China's image beyond the pandas. With this, many foreign friends want to come to Shaolin Temple to learn kung fu. Shaolin Temple has opened a kung fu retreat in order to meet everyone's desire to learn kung fu. It is said that only 20 people will be enrolled in each batch, and the fee for worship is 39,800 RMB (about 5,700 USD), and those who can persevere to the second year will be subsidized 10,000 RMB at the end of the year. The tuition fee will be waived only if you study for five years in a row. Many foreign martial arts fans came to China for the Shaolin Temple, so the temple offers a study course by the day, the cost of which, 150 U.S. dollars/day (about 1065 yuan). The kung fu experience is still very fulfilling. Putting on Chinese clothes and boarding cloth shoes, you will wake up at 5:30 am and start a pleasant day in the temple. You can learn Tai Chi, learn the pace, and finish eating with the monks. The temple offers a full day of classes for everyone to choose from, Tai Chi, Qigong, Tuina classes, etc. In the evening, you can also watch martial arts movies together.
6. Who are the representatives of Chinese Kung Fu?
Yang Luchan, also called Tai Chi Master, is the founder of Yang's Tai Chi Fist. In his early years, he studied under Chen Changxing, the master of Chen's Tai Chi Fist, and practiced Tai Chi Fist diligently for many years. Later, through self-study and bold innovation, he established his own school and founded Yang's Tai Chi Fist. His son Yang Banhou and his grandson Yang Chengpu inherited and developed Yang's Tai Chi Fist and became famous martial artists in the capital in the late Qing Dynasty and early Republican period.
Huo Yuanjia was a famous martial arts technician who was very well known among the Chinese folk in the late Qing Dynasty and early Republican period. Huo Yuanjia practiced martial arts since he was a child, and was skilled in techniques. He created his own Mizong Fist, also known as Huo's Fist. He has defeated many foreign fighters and Japanese jiu-jitsu practitioners in various open competitions. After founding the Jingwumen and Jingwu Association, Huo Yuanjia became a famous martial artist and social activist in Shanghai. His patriotic deeds have been remade into many movies and films, and he is well known throughout China and the world. Huo Yuanjia has a high historical status among martial arts enthusiasts and is an iconic figure in modern Chinese martial arts.
Ip Man was a native of Nanhai County, Guangdong. He studied at St. Stephen's College in Hong Kong and was very knowledgeable. Ip Man learned Wing Chun from Chan Wah Shun and Leung Tsan, the founding fathers of the Wing Chun system. Ip Man began teaching Wing Chun to Cantonese people in Hong Kong in the 1950s. His disciple, Leung Ting, spread Wing Chun internationally, created the most authoritative course of practical training in traditional Chinese martial arts, and has gained worldwide fame. Ip Man was the most respected master of Wing Chun and Chinese martial arts, who passed away at home in 1972.
Bruce Lee, also known as the King of Kung Fu, is a world-renowned Chinese martial artist, film performer, and the most famous international representative of Chinese Kung Fu. Bruce Lee studied Wing Chun from a young age and then went to the United States to pursue his education. He graduated from the University of Washington with a degree in philosophy. Bruce Lee created his own Jeet Kune Do, a fusion of the strengths and advantages of both Eastern and Western martial arts techniques, striking with lightning speed and leaving his opponents defenseless. Bruce Lee enjoys a supreme historical status and international reputation in the international martial arts and free combat community and has even become the embodiment and symbol of Chinese Kung Fu overseas. Bruce Lee died young and lived a short but glorious life, and his grave is buried in Seattle, a place of pilgrimage for kung fu fans around the world.
As the face of Chinese kung fu cinema, Jackie Chan not only represents the achievements of Hong Kong cinema but also has a worldwide influence. In Hollywood, he has shown people the concept of hero in traditional Chinese culture, opened a window for the world to understand Chinese culture, and become the spreader and promoter of Chinese traditional culture and Chinese martial arts.
Jet Li is not only a gifted martial arts genius but also an internationally acclaimed kung fu actor. He starred in his first film Shaolin Temple in 1982, which broke box office records for Chinese films in mainland China. He starred in the action film "Wong Fei Hung", which established his status in the film industry, and was featured on the cover of Time Magazine for his starring role in "Hero". He became another martial arts master after Bruce Lee with his introverted and deep temperament.
7. What are the highest-rated Kung Fu movies?
Bruce Lee's "Enter the Dragon". This movie is a work that combines Bruce Lee's kung fu and film narrative. The film attempts to incorporate complex character relationships and storylines. Although the core is still Bruce Lee's kung fu, the emotional motive is more human.
Jackie Chan's "Drunken Fist". Jackie Chan's action humor, without too much language, can be experienced by any country. The biggest highlight of this film is still the action design, fist to fist, extremely difficult. And many Japanese anime games are also inspired by drunken fist.
Jet Li's "Jingwu Hero". Although martial arts occupy more than half of the space of this film, you will not feel bored. The excellent rhythm control, meticulous characterization, and of course the sincere national sentiment of "Jingwu Hero", all of which make this work not only become the best kung fu masterpiece of Jet Li but also forged the pinnacle of action films in the golden age of Hong Kong cinema.
Donnie Yen's "Ip Man 1". This movie is one of the earliest batches of films that brought the exploits of Ip Man to the big screen. Donnie Yen gave the classic long-lasting impression of Ip Man and the Wing Chun fighting style, which also created many famous scenes. The film combines the historical background of the time so that the audience can feel the blood boiling when watching it, but also not overly melodramatic. Society at that time did need the appearance of heroes, and the setting like Ip Man filled such a gap very well.
Stephen Chow's "Kung Fu". The description of the plot, characterization, humorous lines, creative special effects, warm emotional portrayal of the film has become a classic of Stephen Chow.