Address: Beishan Road, Xihu District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China.
Brief Introduction of the Baochu Pagoda
Baochu Pagoda is an ancient Han building built in the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. It is located on Baoshi mountain in Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province. It is also known as Baoshi Pagoda and Baosuo Pagoda.
According to records, the original building was nine stories, and it was changed to seven stories when it was rebuilt in Xianping of the Northern Song Dynasty. It has been rebuilt many times in the past dynasties. The present solid Pagoda was repaired in 1933 in accordance with the original condition of the ancient Pagoda. In 1997, the Pagoda was replaced and repaired again. Since then, the pagoda has been in good condition.
The pagoda is an octagonal brick structure, which is divided into seven stories. The seventh floor of the pagoda has a wooden ceiling at the top, and thick logs come through the top to support the top of the pagoda. The pagoda is huge and can't climb to the top from the inside. If the spire is not counted, the height of the pagoda is estimated to be 40 meters.
History of the Baochu Pagoda
During the Five Dynasties (948-960), Wu Yanshuang built the pagoda with nine stories.
During the Xianping period of the Northern Song Dynasty (998-1003), the monk Yongbao, or "Baoshu" for short, rebuilt the pagoda and changed it to seven stories.
During the period from 1314-1320 of the Yuan Dynasty to Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty, the pagoda was destroyed and built repeatedly.
In the seventh year of the Wanli reign of the Ming Dynasty (1579), it was rebuilt as a seven stories pagoda, which can be viewed from a high place.
In the 13th year of the Republic of China (1924), the tower was inclined and rebuilt into a solid brick pagoda with eight sides and seven stories.
In 1933, the mayor of Hangzhou, Zhao Zhiyou, initiated the reconstruction of the old pagoda, which cost 23,000 yuan.
In 1996, Hangzhou cultural relics protection department found that the top of the pagoda was decayed from time to time, which seriously threatened the safety of visitors. The top of the pagoda was recast and replaced. The whole maintenance project was completed on April 22, 1997, and the cost was about 270,000 yuan.
The Legend About the Name of Baochu Pagoda
Baochu Pagoda and the King of the Wuyue Kingdom
According to legend, during the Kaibao Period (968-976) in the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), Qian Chu, the King of the Wuyue Kingdom, was summoned to the capital city Bianjing (today's Kaifeng in Henan Province) by the Emperor, Zhao Kuangyin. But he didn't go home for a long time. Worried about Qian Chu’s safety, his Uncle Wu Yanshuang built a nine-story tower to pray for his safety. Therefore, the tower was named "Baochu", which means "Protecting Chu".
Sister Song Built a Pagoda to Protect her Brother-in-law
According to legend, during the Northern Song Dynasty, at the foot of Baoshi mountain near the West Lake, there was a family of two brothers named Song. They looked very similar. When the younger brother was 10 years old, his parents died, and the elder brother shouldered the responsibility of supporting the family. Although they lived a hard life, they were deeply in love with each other. Ten years later, the eldest brother had married and had a daughter. The wife was in charge of the family, who is a good wife and a good mother. The family is harmonious.
At the beginning of the Northern Song Dynasty, the court required the common people to take hard labor. Unfortunately, the elder brother, who was working in the field, was caught. On the way, he didn't expect to meet his brother who was doing business outside. After listening to his brother's explanation, he said sincerely, "brother, you have a family. My sister-in-law and niece need your care. As soon as you leave, this home will collapse. I am single, and even if I die, I will not worry about it. People say that we are like twins. Let me serve instead of the elder brother.” So, the elder brother Song was able to escape.
After more than half a month, the elder brother returned home, and his wife met with grief and joy. After listening to her husband's sad story about the meeting of brothers, Mrs. song felt that the brothers were deeply in love with each other. She is determined to build a longevity tower on Baoshi mountain to protect her brother-in-law to return home safely and smoothly as soon as possible. The villagers felt the kindness of sister-in-law Song, so they helped her build the Pagoda, which was soon completed. Villagers called it "Baoshu Pagoda".
How to Get to Baochu Pagoda
Take bus No.7, No.27, No.27, No.51, No.52, No.118, Holiday line 6, and get off at Bachu Pagoda Qianshan Road No.1, then after 2 minutes’ walking, you will arrive at the destination.
Take Metro Line 2 and get off at the Wulin Gate subway station and exit B.
Chinese: 请带我去保俶塔。English: Please take me to the Baochu Pagoda.
If you go to the Baochu Pagoda from the Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, it takes about 45 minutes (110 yuan).
If you go to the Baochu Pagoda from the Hangzhou Railway Station, it takes about 20 minutes (18 yuan).