Big Wild Goose Pagoda
Basic Facts of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda
Chinese Name: 大雁塔 Pronunciation: Dà Yàn Tǎ
English Name: Big Wild Goose Pagoda or Giant Wild Goose Pagoda
Building Time: 652
Best Visiting Season: All seasons
Suggested Visiting Hours: 1-2 Hours
Address: Da Ci'en Temple, Yanta District, Xi’an City, Shaanxi
Building Function: Under the reign of Emperor Gaozong of the Tang dynasty, it was used to store Buddhist scriptures and other things brought back from India.
|Admission Fee of Da Ci’en Temple
|Ascending the Pagoda
(Attention: As the pagoda stands in the Da Ci’en Temple, the people who would like to ascend the pagoda also need to buy the entrance ticket of Da Ci’en Temple)
|Musical Fountain on North Square
|Opening Hours of the Pagoda and the Temple
|Ticket Office Opening Hours
|Performing Time of Musical Fountain
||Jun. 10 – Oct. 5
||Mon., Wed. – Fri.: 12:00, 21:00
|Feb. – Jun. 9;
Oct. 6 – Oct. 31
|Mon., Wed. – Fri.: 12:00, 20:30
|Nov. to Jan.
||No performance except Chinese New Year Holiday
|Weekends and holidays
||14:00, 16:00 and 18:00
Introduction of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda
The Big Wild Goose Pagoda
As one of the most famous tourist attractions in Xi’an, Big Wild Goose Pagoda (also called Giant Wild Goose Pagoda) holds its charm. As its well-known Buddhist religion and attractive construction, it has a fascination for a large number of tourists all over the world.
Perfectly preserved, Big Wild Goose Pagoda is the earliest and largest one of existing brick pagodas built in the Tang Dynasty. It is valued as the National Key Cultural Relics Protection Unit. Also, it is an AAAA Tourist Spot. In addition, as one of the sites on the Silk Road, it appears on the World Heritage List on June 22, 2014.
The Big Wild Goose Pagoda scenic area covers Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Da Ci’en Temple, Musical Fountain of North Square and other interesting squares, gardens and facilities around.
History of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda
The Night Scene
Located at the west courtyard of Da Ci’en Temple, Big Wild Goose Pagoda was built under the presiding of hierarch Xuanzang in 652. It is mainly applied to store the Buddhist classics brought back from India by Master Xuanzang. At that time, it had a height of 60 meters (197 feet) with five stories. After that, Emperor Gaozong of the Tang dynasty felt that this Indian-style building was somewhat inconsistent with the overall architectural style of Chang'an City, so he rebuilt it and made it 9 stories.
During the Chang'an period of Wu Zetian (701-704), the pagoda was built again. Wu Zetian broke the convention of having an odd number of stories in the pagoda of the Tang Dynasty and increased the height of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda to even 10 stories.
In 931, the Big Wild Goose Pagoda was rebuilt in the Late Tang Dynasty, and it was lowered to seven stories again. Later, there were several major earthquakes in Xi'an. The top of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda fell and the pagoda body shattered.
In 1604 (the 32nd year of Wanli in the Ming Dynasty), the basic structure of the pagoda in the Tang Dynasty was maintained, and a 60cm thick cladding was laid on the surface of the pagoda, making it wider than before. That is the Big Wild Goose Pagoda as we can see today.
Worth-visiting Scenic Spots You Shouldn't Miss
Big Wild Goose pagoda
Big Wild Goose Pagoda is located in Da Ci’en Temple, the southern suburb of Xi’an City, about 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) from the downtown of the city. This 7-storey building has a total height of 64.517 meters and base side length of 25.5 meters. The pavilion-like square brick pagoda is composed of a base, a body, and a top.
Built of brick, the pagoda stands very firm. Inside the pagoda, visitors can climb and overlook the city from the arch-shaped doors on four sides of each storey. On the walls, fine statues of Buddha are engraved by the renowned artist Yan Liben of the Tang Dynasty. Steles by noted calligraphers also grace the pagoda.
The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is not only a famous monument, but also a landmark of Xi'an. Everyone who travels to Xi'an wants to see it with their own eyes.
Da Ci’en Temple
Da Ci’en Temple
With Big Wild Goose Pagoda inside, Da Ci’en Temple has an area of 50,738 square meters (12.5 acres). In front of the temple, a statue of Xuanzang stays there. There are two stone lions standing at the two sides of the gate, giving people a feeling of solemnity. After getting into the Temple, Bell Tower and Drum Tower will catch your eyes. Along the central axis, there are the Hall of Mahavira, Sermon Hall, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, and the Hall of Xuanzang Sanzang.
Da Ci’en Temple is the most famous and magnificent Buddhist temple in the city of Chang'an in the Tang Dynasty. In the 22nd year of Emperor Taizong of the Tang Dynasty (648), the prince Li Zhi founded Ci'en Temple in memory of his mother.
The Big Wild Goose Pagoda in the Da Ci’en Temple was supervised by Xuanzang himself, so the Da Ci’en Temple has a very prominent position in the history of Chinese Buddhism and has always been valued by the Buddhist circles at home and abroad.
Musical Fountain of North Square
The Musical Fountain
Musical Fountain of North Square is the most famous one in the city. And it has Asia’s largest musical fountain show, and is a good place for tourists and citizens to take a leisurely stroll.
The whole square takes the Big Wild Goose Pagoda as the central axis, and the center is the main scenic waterway. There are multiple landscapes on the left and right sides and the southern end of the square.
On the east side is the Shaanxi Opera Grand View Garden with local characteristics. There are sculpture groups such as painted sculptures of operas and cast bronze reliefs of local operas in the garden.
On the west side is the Folk Custom Garden with the theme of folk culture, vivid sculptures such as shadow puppets, the Eight Great Monsters of Shaanxi, walking on stilts, rural marriages and the Bailuyuan series, showing the folk customs of various parts of Shaanxi.
Other Squares and Gardens
For tourists, there are also many free squares and gardens around the Pagoda. The Tang Ci'en Temple Site Park and the Shaanxi Opera Garden, the Shaanxi Folk Customs Garden, as well as the South Square with the statue of Monk Xuanzang and the Great Tang All Day Mall are also worth visiting.
Ways to Get to Big Wild Goose Pagoda
1. You can take 5, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 27, 30, 34, 41, 44, 224, 242, 271, 307, 400, 401, 408, 500, 521, 526, 527, 601, 606, 609, 701, Huan Shan Tour Bus 1 & 2, Tourist Bus Line 6 & 8 & 9, Qujiang Tourist Bus, and get off at Dayanta (Big Wild Goose Pagoda) Station.
2. Dang-dang Trolley Sightseeing Bus
To have a look at the gorgeous night view in Xi'an, Dang-dang Trolley Sightseeing Bus has a night tour line that passes the south square of Giant Wild Goose Pagoda.
Take Metro Line 3 & Line 4 to Dayanta Station directly.
Take Metro Line 2 to Xiaozhai Station (Exit C) and walk eastward for 10 minutes.
Chinese: 请带我去大雁塔。English: Please take me to Big Wild Goose Pagoda.
Chinese: 请带我去大慈恩寺。English: Please take me to Da Ci’en Temple.
It takes about 80 yuan and 1 hour from the Xi'an Railway Station to this scenic area.
It will be about 160 yuan and 1 hour 15 minutes from Xianyang Airport.
It takes about 35 minutes and costs about 20 yuan from the Drum Tower in the city center.
The Inside View
authorName23242: Yuegui Huang
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