Qujiang Pool Park
Basic Facts of Qujiang Pool Park
Chinese Name: 曲江池遗址公园 Pronunciation: Qǔjiāngchí YíZhǐ GōngYuán
Admission Ticket Fare: Free
Opening Hours: All day
Park Area: 1 square kilometer
Building Time: 2008
Suggested Visiting Hours: 3- 4 Hours
Best Visiting Time: Spring and Autumn (March to May, September to November)
Address: Qujiangchi Western Road, Yanta District, Xi’an City, Shaanxi Province, China
Building Function: Qujiang Pool Park is an open urban ecological and cultural park integrating ecological garden, historical and cultural protection, leisure tourism, landscape, folk inheritance and art display.
Brief Introduction of Qujiang Pool Park
Qujiang Pool Park
Qujiang Pool Park, with an area of about 1 square kilometers, connects the Hibiscus Park of the Tang Dynasty in the north and the tomb site of the Second Emperor(230 BC-207 BC) of the Qin dynasty(221BC-207 BC) in the south.
Qujiang pool, which was originated in the Qin and Han Dynasties(221BC-220AD) and flourished in the Sui and Tang Dynasties(581-907), has a history of more than one thousand year. The lake is a classic of Chinese ancient landscape architecture as well as a famous imperial court of the Tang Dynasty. Nowadays, there are many imitations of the ancient buildings and sculptures which show a colorful picture of religious life of the Tang people objectively.
It is a comprehensive heritage park functioned as ecological restoration, sightseeing and leisure, business exhibition, etc. Residents like coming here for a walk and boating along the Qujiang pool. In the park, Shaanxi handicrafts such as paper cutting and clay sculpture can be seen, as well as performances of Shaanxi Opera and shadow play.
Qujiang Pool Park was built from the perspective of the protective development of cultural relics such as the Qujiang Pool Heritage of Tang Dynasty and the tomb of Second Emperor of the Qin dynasty and the construction of regional ecological environment. Relying on the rich tourism, the park has restored the historical and cultural landscapes such as South Lake of Qujiang River, Hanwu spring, Yichun garden, Fenghuang pool, etc., and reappeared the landscape culture of “forest with luxuriant foliage and river with crystal-clear water” in Qujiang area.
Designed by academician Zhang Jinqiu, Qujiang Pool Park is divided into eight scenic spots: Hanwu spring scenic spot, art house scenic spot, Qujiang Pavilion scenic spot, Minghuang trestle scenic spot, Yuejiang Tower scenic spot, Yanbo Island scenic spot, Yunshaoju scenic spot and Changguan Tower scenic spot. The park was constructed based on the original Qujiang pool and finished on July 1, 2008. Qujiang pool is 1088 meters long from north to south and it is divided into two parts: upper pool and lower pool. The pool is now open to visitors free of charge.
Inside the Qujiang Pool Park, there are many sculptures representing the social life of Tang Dynasty, which makes Qujiang Pool Park shrouded in a strong culture atmosphere of Tang Dynasty. Most of the sculptures are made of bronze or stone.
History of Qujiang Pool Park
Qujiang is a famous scenic spot in the Tang Dynasty. It was renowned for the beautiful winding water flow in the south corner of Chang’an city(today’s Xi’an city).
In Qin Dynasty, it was named as “Zhou” (islet in a river), and Qin Shi Huang (The first emperor of Qin) built the Palace “Yichun Garden” (a temporary imperial palace away from the capital) here.
The Aerial View
During the reign of Emperor Wu(141BC-87BC)of the Han Dynasty, Qujiang was included in the Royal Garden, and “Yichun Backyard” and “Leyou Garden” were built.
During the reign of Emperor Wen(581-604) of Sui Dynasty, the pool was renamed as “Lotus Pond” and the palace was renamed as “Lotus Garden".
During the reign of Emperor Xuanzong(712-756) of the Tang Dynasty, the name of “Qujiang Pool” was restored, while the name of the garden was still “Furong Garden”.
In July 2007, invested by Qujiang New Area, the government of Xi’an city decided to start a large-scale open garden ecological project, which is Qujiang Pool Park. Covering an area of 1 square kilometer and integrating historical culture, cultural relics protection and urban recreation, the park was built according to the historical water system features and cultural relics exploration results of Qujiang. Qujiang Pool Park, as a key construction project in Xi’an City, lasted one year and was completed and opened on July 1, 2008. Qujiang Pool Heritage Park highlights the majestic style of Qin and Han Dynasties and inherits the quintessence of Sui and Tang Dynasties. The park is a perfect representation of the grand historical scene and the main part of Imperial City Renaissance Plan for Xi’an city. It is known as the construction model of humanistic Xi'an, integration of ancient and modern features and harmony between human and nature.
Highlighted Tourist Spots at Qujiang Pool Park
The courtyard consists of nine two-storey Tang-style buildings which are named uniquely and elegantly. They are as follows: Feng Ru Song (Wind Goes Through Pines), Huan Xi Sha (Silk-washing Stream), Lang Tao Sha (Silk Washed by Waves), Man Ting Fang (Spring Scenery Yard), Shui Diao Ge Tou (Prelude to Water Melody), Lin Jiang Xian (Female Celestial by A River), Nian Nu Jiao (Named after a female called Niannu), Yi Qin’e (Recalling of Qin’e, a female) and Shui Long Yin (Shui means Water, Long means Dragon, Yin means Singing).
Here people can catch a sign of the performance of Qin Opera and Shadow Play, as well as Fengxiang Clay Sculptures. One of the buildings is a small museum which displays the relics of Qujiang that excavated by archaeologist. Those relics include cultural relics from the Neolithic Age to the Ming and Qing Dynasties(1368-1912), which has witnessed the rise and fall of Qujiang for more than 2000 years.
Aside from these courtyards which preserve the cultural heritage of Shaanxi Province, there is also pavilion which functions as a good place for people to have nostalgia, make a poem and sing a song. Qujiang Pavilion is a two-storey Pavilion by the Qujiang pool, where, people can feel the fresh breeze blowing gently.
Yuejiang tower is the largest and tallest building along the Qujiang pool. It has four floors above the ground and one floor underground, nearly 28 meters in height. The archaic architectural style appearance makes it look like a building on a rammed earth stylobate. In fact, its internal structure design is exquisite, with a total area of nearly 1000 square meters. In Yuejiang tower, people can overlook the attractive scenery of Qujiang pool, appreciate the prosperity of the Tang Dynasty, and admire people’s way of life. Yuejiang tower is functioned as both belvedere and the restaurant, so that we can experience the life of Tang Dynasty celebrities who drank and made a poem here.
How to Get to Qujiang Pool Park
Take bus 22, 121, 161, 212 or 609 and get off at Qujiang Pool Park Station. After getting off, walk eastward, walk about 50 meters along the Yannan Erlu into the Qujiangchi Beilu, walk about 420 meters, turn right, walk 10 meters, walk straight for another 10 meters, turn left, walk about 60 meters to go across the road, turn right, walk about 40 meters to get to Qujiang Pool Park.
Take Metro Line 4 and get off at Da Tang Fu Rong Garden Station and take exit B (Southwest exit), and then you need to walk toward southeast, walk about 550 meters along the Furong Xilu, turn left, walk about 330 meters along the Yannan Erlu into the Qujiangchi Beilu, the following route is same with the route by bus.
Chinese: 请带我去曲江池遗址公园。English: Please take me to Qujiang Pool Park.
If you go to Qujiang Pool Park from the Xi’an Railway Station, it takes about 30 minutes (about CNY 28 ).
If you go to Qujiang Pool Park from the center of Xi’an (Grand Noble Hotel Xi’an), it takes about 1 hour (about CNY 120).
If you go to Qujiang Pool Park from Xi’an Xianyang International Airport, it takes about 1 hour (about CNY 120).
If you go to Qujiang Pool Park from Xi’an North Railway Station, it takes about 1 hour (about CNY 70).
authorName23242: Xueying Lin
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