Basic Facts of the Chang’an Avenue
Chinese Name: 长安街 Pronunciation: Cháng’ān Jiē
Recommended Time for Visit: 1-3 Hours
Address: Dongcheng District, Beijing, China
Overall Length: 3.8 kilometers from Dongdan Crossing in the east to Xidan Crossing in the west
Building Function: A time-honored thoroughfare in Beijing used to host major national celebrations, connect multiple attractions in Beijing, and reflect the image of the capital and the country.
Introduction of Chang’an Avenue
Chang’an Avenue acquired its name from Chang’an, the capital city of the prosperous Tang Dynasty (618-907), embodying eternal peace and stability. According to relevant records, it was built from the 4th to 18th year (1406-1420) of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
In a narrow sense, Chang’an Avenue starts at Dongdan Lukou (Dongdan Crossing) and ends at Xidan Lukou (Xidan Crossing), with a total length of 3.8 kilometers. Chang’an Avenue includes East Chang’an Avenue and West Chang’an Avenue bounded by Tian’anmen Square. Based on East-West Chang’an Avenue, it covers other sections in both directions, starting from Shijingshan Road in the west and reaching Baliqiao South Street in the east.
History of Chang’an Avenue
The formation of Chang’an Avenue embodies a rich history from the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368). Shuncheng Street in Yuan Dadu (today’s Beijing) is the embryonic form of Chang’an Avenue today. It featured a total length of 6.7 kilometers and a width of 20 meters.
Outside of Tian’anmen Square
In 1420 AD, the Forbidden City was built. The south wall of the inner city moved 1 kilometer southward because of the expansion of the Imperial City. The original city wall became a street, starting from Dongdan in the east and reaching Xidan in the west, with a total length of 3.7 kilometers.
Before the Qing Dynasty (1636-1912), Chang’an Avenue was just a dirt road; after 1907, Chang’an Avenue was built into a ballast road. In 1912, Tian’anmen Square was opened to the public. In 1924, trams were opened on Chang’an Avenue. At this time, Chang’an Avenue was about 3.7 kilometers away from Xidan to Dongdan.
In 2000, the Beijing government completely renovated Chang’an Avenue and its extension lines. At that time, Chang’an Avenue was extended westward from Gongzhufen to the east gate of Shougang, with a length of 12 kilometers. Chang’an Avenue has also been continuously expanded and then became a prosperous street with high-rise buildings, bright lights, and flourishing trees. The National Day parades have been held on Chang’an Avenue since the founding of the People’s Republic of China on October 1st, 1949.
Must-visit Attractions on Chang’an Avenue
Tian’anmen Square, the largest city square in the world, is located on East Chang’an Avenue in Dongcheng District, which is also in the center of Beijing. It starts from the National Museum of China in the east and reaches the Great Hall of the People in the west, covering an area of 440,000 square meters. Tian’anmen Square epitomizes the indomitable revolutionary spirit and fearless heroism of the Chinese people.
Zhongshan Park, originally a state altar in the Ming and the Qing Dynasties, was built together with the Ancestral Temple. It is located in the south of the Forbidden City and on the west side of Tian’anmen Square. In memory of Dr. Sun Yat-sen (Sun Zhongshan), it was renamed Zhongshan Park in 1928. Covering an area of 230,000 square meters, Zhongshan Park is a memorial classical altar temple garden.
How to Get to Chang’an Avenue
Take bus 1, 2, 52, 120, 82, Tourist Line 1, Tourist Line 2, and get off at Tian’anmen Dong Station (Tian’anmen East Station).
Take subway Line 1 and get off at Tian’anmen Dong Station. Exit A and B are on the north side of East Chang’an Avenue, and Exit C and D are on the south side.
Chinese: 请带我去长安街。English: Please take me to Chang’an Avenue.
Chinese: 请带我去东长安街。English: Please take me to East Chang’an Avenue.
Chinese: 请带我去西长安街。English: Please take me to West Chang’an Avenue.
If you go to Chang’an Avenue from Beijing city center (Sunworld Dynasty Hotel), it takes about 10 minutes (15 yuan).
If you go to Chang’an Avenue from Beijing Capital International Airport, it takes about 40 minutes (110 yuan).
If you go to Chang’an Avenue from Beijing Daxing International Airport, it takes about 70 minutes (180 yuan).
If you go to Chang’an Avenue from Beijing Railway Station, it takes about 15 minutes (20 yuan).
If you go to Chang’an Avenue from Beijing West Railway Station, it takes about 20 minutes (30 yuan).
If you go to Chang’an Avenue from Beijing South Railway Station, it takes about 20 minutes (30 yuan).
If you go to Chang’an Avenue from Beijing North Railway Station, it takes about 25 minutes (30 yuan).
Night Scene of Chang’an Avenue
authorName23242: Ziyan Ren
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