Chinese Name: 成都人民公园 Pronunciation: chéng dū rén mín gōng yuán
Building Time: 1,911
Recommended Time for Visit: 1-2 Hours
Address: NO.12, Shaocheng Street, Qingyang District, Chengdu
Occupied Area: 112,639 square meters
Popular Activities: Tea tasting, Chrysanthemum Show, Lotus Flower Show
Best Visiting Season: Spring and Autumn (March to May, September to November)
Building Function: To commemorate the victims of the road protection campaign launched by Sichuan patriots on the eve of the 1911 Revolution.
|Free of charge||12yuan||8yuan|
|Winter (December 1st to March 31st)||6:30am-22:00pm|
|Summer (April 1st to November 30th)||6:00am-22:30pm|
As the largest historical park open to the public in the downtown area, Chengdu People's Park covers a total area of 112,639 square meters. Also, it is a collection of gardens, culture, patriotism, and creation. The park has an important historical monument and four city-level cultural relics protection units. It is a national "AAAA" tourist attraction.
Chengdu People's Park, formerly known as Shaocheng Park, was founded in 1911. The origin of Shaocheng Park was directly related to the name of the old city of Chengdu. Chengdu was originally divided into Taicheng and Shaocheng as early as 311 BC when King Hui of the Qin Dynasty ruled Chengdu.
In the second and third years of the Republic of China, to commemorate the martyrs who died in the road protection movement(on the eve of the Revolution of 1911), the Sichuan and Han Railway Corporation built the "Xinhai Autumn Road Guarding Death Monument" in the park (now become the national key cultural relics protection units).
In 1914, the third year of the Republic of China, the park was extended. People ditched Gold Water Stream from the Tongshun Bridge into the park.
From the May 4th Movement period to the Anti-Japanese War period, Shaocheng Park was the first choice for speeches, performances, gatherings, and fund-raising by various progressive groups in Chengdu.
In 1938, the twenty-seventh year of the Republic of China, people built a bronze statue of Wang Mingzhang, the general who died during the Anti-Japanese War (dismantled in 1952).
On September 27, 1939, and July 27, 1940, the park was bombed by Japanese planes, causing damage to the museum, stadium, zoo, monument, and so on.
In 1946, Shaocheng Park and Chengdu Library were changed into "Zhongzheng Park" and "Zhongzheng Library".
In 1949, Hu Zongnan lived in the south of the park, garrisoned in the park, cut down trees, demolished doors and windows, and burnt down books so that the park suffered the havoc again.
In the spring of 1951, Marshal He Long visited the park and made important instructions for the construction of the park.
In 1982, the west main road was expanded and the riverside of the park was turned into a street, so the area of the park was reduced to 145 mu (about 96,667 square meters).
From 2001 to 2003, Xiaonan Street Primary School was assigned to the park. Then, Chengdu People's Park was expanded to 155 mu (about 103,333 square meters).
In 2002, the municipal government planned and renovated the old city of Chengdu.
In 2004, the old houses of nearly 5,000 square meters near the East Gate of the People's Park and the Half-Bridge Street were demolished and removed and returned to the People's Park for management as green lands. The green area of the park was expanded again.
The newly built Waterfall Plaza and the east gate are located on the inner side of People's Park in Ancestral Hall Street and adjacent to Banbian Bridge Street. They cover a total area of 10,600 square meters with green spaces are 9,000 square meters and the plaza spaces are 1,600 square meters.
The whole renovation project started in March 2004 and was completed and opened in December 2004. The waterfall was up to 43 meters wide and 12 meters high with about 3,000 tons of stones, which is a large artificial landscape.
In response to the appeal of the municipal government for the development of the city's landscaping industry, "striving to create a national garden city", the urban park is asked to demolish the wall to make it green, beautify the environment and improve the image of the city.
The park has been implemented the project of extending the Banbian Bridge and Ancestral Hall Street to make it green since
January 5, 2004. The newly built iron flower fence by the side of the Banbian Bridge was 190 meters long and new green spaces were 500 square meters. Ancestral Temple Street was added 3,200 square meters.
The whole project of New East Gate Rockery Square was mainly composed of the railing fence and green belts. Transparent and unobstructed, the fence was built in the green belts, organically combining the park green belts and the streets green belts.
And people also planted many kinds of plants, such as golden leaf privet, canna, red thorn, heather, yucca, magnolia, crape myrtle, ginkgo, camphor, and so on, forming a well-arranged green landscape with rich layers.
Goldfish Island is located on the east side between Heming Teahouse and Artificial Rockery Waterfall. It is connected to Heming Teahouse by an arch bridge.
In 2004, the park began to develop and utilize Goldfish Island and restored the "Yongju" Teahouse, the historical and old teahouse. Combining the characteristics of tea clubs and Goldfish Island, Goldfish Island has become a cultural place for citizens to enjoy cool weather, entertainment, fishing, sightseeing, and tea. There are more than 10 kinds of goldfishes on the island.
Gold Water Stream
Gold Water Stream is located in the Lotus Pond, which is at the foot of the West Mountain of the Chengdu People's Park, passing the main gate and reaching the inner side of the East Gate. It has a total length of 355 meters and a width of 6 meters and was transformed from the original Gold River.
It was constructed in 1999 and completed in August 2000. The bottom of the river is paved with smooth pebbles and the sides of the stream are lined with boulders of various sizes. The main section is paved with pebbles. Along the coast, peach trees, willow trees, yellow kudzu trees, floss crab-apple, winter plum, lobular privet, golden leaf privet, red barberries, and other plants are planted.
The section of Gold Water Stream inside the park is about 500 meters with two bridges above. In 1919, at the present main gate, the left south bank was dug channels to lead the Gold River into the garden, around the Heming Teahouse, through the Lotus Pavilion (now is the Goldfish Pond), flowing east and converging under the Banbian Bridge.
In 1924, people led the Gold River from Xiaonan Street passing through the Children's Amusement Park, Lotus Pond, Zoo, East Artificial Hill, and turning north to converge under the Banbian Bridge.
Xinhai Road Guarding Memorial Square
Located in the center of the People's Park, the Xinhai Road Guarding Square covers an area of 3,000 square meters among which the building area is 110 square meters, and the stage area is 130 square meters.
In 1993, Metropolitan (Chengdu) Entertainment Co. LTD, formerly owned by Hong Kong Jinsheng Company, demolished the open-air dance ground and built a new UA Metropolitan Entertainment Plaza. Due to the incongruence with the surrounding environment, Xinhai Square was reconstructed by the government in 2004. To commemorate the Xinhai Sichuan Road Guarding Movement, the current square came into being.
The whole project started in February 2004 and completed and opened in May 2004. To integrate the park environment, flat-relief on the ground and bas-relief on the steles were made to reflect the history of the revolutionary struggle on Xinhai Road Guarding in Sichuan Province.
After the founding of New China, Chairman of Committee Zhu De give 5 species of orchids with 10 pots to the park as presents. And then there were 18 varieties of orchids in the park, with more than 1,200 pots in total. From 1965 to 1974, 14 rare varieties in the province were acquired year by year.
In 1986, Orchid Garden was built on the left side of the park office, with an area of 880 square meters. The front of the Orchid Garden was a cylindrical gray wall, with a leaky window orchid bamboo picture. After entering the circular arch, you can see a tree-like square pavilion( made of cement). The pavilion is surrounded by the water pool, hanging orchid, and other 28 varieties of more than 900 pots of orchids. This orchid garden is the largest orchid landscape garden in Chengdu City Parks.
The Potted Landscape Garden is situated in the southern part of the park, covering an area of 2,600 square meters. It is equipped with a rest corridor and a lotus pool.
The bank of the pool is stacked with rockeries, equipped with Ophiopogon japonicas and rhododendron. With varieties of trees, the park is verdant, with tree shade all over the ground.
More than 200 bonsai pots are exhibited all the year-round, including more than 20 potted landscape bonsai and more than 180 potted tree stump bonsai. There are mainly ancient trees and pile heads such as elm, ginkgo, yellow podocarpus, purple Flourish, golden marble, iron stem, and crabapple. Yellow podocarpus ancient pile bonsai once won the Special Prize of China Bonsai Competition Exhibition and is also one of the treasures of Chengdu People's Park.
Chrysanthemum culture is one of the characteristics of the People's Park culture. The park holds a traditional chrysanthemum festival every autumn and it displays green peony, ink chrysanthemum, and another high-quality chrysanthemum.
People's Park has Yongning Chrysanthemum Nursery Base, which represented Chengdu City to participate in the National Chrysanthemum Exhibition and won the honor. And the best time to watch the show in October.
Summer Lotus Exhibition
Every summer, the People's Park will hold a "Summer Lotus Exhibition" for visitors to enjoy. It has exhibited a variety of rare species such as jade lotus and perfume lotus, with an average of more than 20 varieties and more than 5,000 pots, and more than 50,000 pots of seasonal flowers every session.
Photography exhibitions and other themed activities will be held to enable citizens and tourists to not only enjoy the beautiful scenery but also gain artistic edification and knowledge. And the best time to see the exhibition is from June to July.
The Main Entrance - Gold Water Stream- Heming Teahouse - Artificial lake and East Artificial Hill - Shaochengyuan Teahouse, Double Spring Building - the Orchid Garden, Bonsai Garden - Children's Amusement Park - the West Corridor for rest- Xinhai Road Guarding Martyr Monument - Gold Water Stream, Lotus Pond-West Artificial Hill- Zhenliu Teahouse-the Western Gate of Xiaonan Street.
The Main Entrance - the Jinshui Bridge -the Xinhai Road Guarding Memorial Square- Xinhai Road Guarding Martyr Monument - Gold Water Stream, Lotus Pond - the West Corridor for rest - Ginkgo Pavilion, three cultural sites: the Tongsu, People, Chiang kai-shek Library - Orchid, Bonsai garden - Shaochengyuan Teahouse, Double Spring building - the Artificial Lake, East Artificial Hill - the Goldfish Island – Heming Teahouse- Chengdu Zhong Dumpling famous snack - new East gate rockery waterfall Plaza – the new East Gate of Banbian Bridge Street.
New East Gate Rockery Waterfall Plaza- the Artificial Lake, East Artificial Hill- the Goldfish Island-Yongju Teahouse-Heming Teahouse- Xinhai Road Guarding Memorial Square- Xinhai Road Guarding Martyr Monument - the West Corridor for rest - Ginkgo Pavilion and three cultural sites: the Tongsu, People, Chiang kai-shek Library - Shaochengyuan Teahouse, Double Spring building-the Orchid Garden, Bonsai Garden - Children's Amusement Park - the West Corridor for rest- Xinhai Road Guarding Martyr Monument - Gold Water Stream, Lotus Pond-West Artificial Hill- Zhenliu Teahouse-the western gate of Xiaonan Street.
a. Main Gate: Take bus 5, 13, 14, 47, 29, 53, 58, 64, 64 Express or 78 and get off at the Renmin Gongyuan(People's Park) Station.
b. East Gate: Take bus 30, 57, 109 and get off at the Dongchenggen Nanjie (South Dongchenggen Street) Station.
c. West Gate and South Gate: Take bus line 53, 70, 93, 126, 127, or 340 and get off at the Xiaonanjie North (North of Xiaonan Street) Station.
Take Metro Line 2 and get off at the People's Park Station, Exit B. Walk for about three minutes， and enter the park through North Gate (Main Gate).
Chinese: 请带我去成都人民公园。English: Please take me to the Chengdu People’s Park.
Chinese: 请带我去成都人民公园的正门。English: Please take me to the Main Gate of the Chengdu People’s Park.
Chinese: 请带我去成都人民公园的东门。English: Please take me to the East Gate of the Chengdu People’s Park.
Chinese: 请带我去成都人民公园的西门。English: Please take me to the West Gate of the Chengdu People’s Park.
If you go to the Chengdu People’s Park from the Chengdu Shuangliu Airport, it takes about 60 minutes(70 yuan).
If you go to the Chengdu People’s Park from Chengdu East Railway Station, it takes about 40 minutes(30 yuan)
If you go to the Chengdu People’s Park from Chengdu Railway Station, it takes about 25 minutes(20 yuan).