Chinese Name: 四川博物院 Pronunciation: Sìchuān Bówùyuàn
Building Time: 1941
Suggested Visiting Hours: 2-3 Hours
Occupied Area: About 58,700 square meters
Building Function: Collecting and exhibiting cultural relics to the public
Address: No.251, Huanhua South Road, Qingyang District, Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, China
1. You need to go to the “Visitor Service Center” (No. 5, Qinghua Road) to show your passport to the staff. After registering your relevant personal information, you will be given an IC card, and then you need to go to the automatic identification machine at the entrance of the exhibition hall to input the IC card. After verification, you can enter the museum.
2. Group visits should make the reservation 24 hours in advance (9:00-17:00).
3. If the minors do not have ID cards or passports, his/her guardian needs to register his/her information with valid certificates.
(Tuesday to Sunday)
(Admission allowed before 20:00)
(Admission allowed before 19:00)
1. The museum is closed on Mondays(not closed if Monday falls on national legal holidays).
2. Opening hours during the epidemic period: 9:00-17:00 (Admission allowed before 16:00).
Sichuan Museum was established in 1941 and has a history of more than 70 years. In 2009, with the establishment of the new museum, it was renamed from Sichuan Bowuguan to Sichuan Bowuyuan in Chinese. Located in Huanhuaxi Historical and Cultural Scenic Area, Sichuan Museum is the largest comprehensive museum in Southwest China and plays a vital role in national public museums.
There are 14 exhibition halls with an area of about 12,000 square meters, including ten permanent galleries of calligraphy and paintings, ceramics, bronzes, cultural relics, arts, and crafts, etc., and four temporary exhibition halls. Sichuan Museum has a rich collection of cultural relics, especially those since the founding of the People’s Republic of China and during the 40 years’ reform and opening up.
Through archaeological excavation, additional donation, and extensive collection, Sichuan Museum has collected more than 260,000 pieces of relics, including 1,399 pieces of first-grade cultural relics, 6,731 pieces of second-grade cultural relics, and 95,345 pieces of third-grade cultural relics, ranking among the best in terms of the quantity and level of collections in provincial museums in China. The museum mainly has collections of cultural relics of Sichuan Province.
The main building of Sichuan Museum adopted the traditional Chinese architectural elements of “door, hall, and corridor” to form the spatial sequence, and the main building was arranged as a “T” shape to provide various functions. The museum includes three floors.
The first floor is composed of the Gallery of Sichuan Pottery and Stone Arts of Han Dynasty (202 B.C.-220 A.D.) and Multifunctional Reception Hall. The second floor includes Bronze Ware in Sichuan Province, the Gallery of Ceramics, the Gallery of Chinese Calligraphy and Paintings, and Zhang Daqian’s Art Gallery. And the third floor consists of the Gallery of Tibetan Buddhism, the Gallery of Buddha Statutes from Wanfo Temple, the Gallery of Sichuan Ethnic Cultural Relics, and the Gallery of Arts and Crafts.
In 2011, Sichuan Museum was established as one of the two pilot projects in China by the State Administration of Cultural Relics in the project of “improving the restoration capacity of Sichuan Museum”. In October 2012, it was rated as a national first-level museum.
In 1940, Sichuan Museum was officially prepared.
In 1941, Sichuan Museum was finally built at Dongyue Temple in Pixian County.
In 1945, Sichuan Museum was moved to the Mingyuan Building in the Imperial City of Chengdu.
In 1949, the museum was renamed “Western Sichuan People’s Museum”.
In 1950, it was moved to the “Buddhist School” and “National Library” in the People’s Park.
At the end of 1950, it was renamed Western Sichuan Museum.
In 1952, it was named Sichuan Provincial Museum.
In 1965, it was moved to the “Exhibition Hall of Soviet Union’s Peaceful Application of Atomic Energy”.
In May 1984, Deng Xiaoping inscribed the title “Sichuan Provincial Museum”.
In 2001, Sichuan Provincial Museum was listed in the “Tenth Five-year Plan” by the State Planning Commission, and the government decided to build a new museum in Huanhua Historical and Cultural Scenic Area.
In July 2002, the old Sichuan Provincial Museum was closed.
On December 30, 2004, the construction of the new Sichuan Provincial Museum began.
In March 2009, it was officially renamed Sichuan Museum.
On May 1st, 2009, Sichuan Museum was officially opened to the public.
In February 2010, the first caravan mobile museum in China was founded.
In 2011, the “Sichuan Museum Restoration Capacity Enhancement” project was established by the State Administration of Cultural Relics as one of the two pilot projects in China.
In October 2012, it was rated as a national first-level museum.
In March 2013, the construction of the “Sichuan Museum Restoration Capacity Improvement” project was completed and Sichuan Museum gained recognition from the expert group organized by the State Administration of Cultural Relics.
On May 18, 2017, Sichuan Museum was awarded the most innovative museum in China.
Zhang Daqian (1899-1983) was a famous traditionalist painter in China and the most legendary master of Chinese painting in the 20th century. He was versatile in painting, calligraphy, seal cutting, and poetry. In 1957, he was elected as “the world’s first contemporary artist” by the International Association of Art.
Sichuan Museum collected a large collection of Zhang Daqian’s paintings and other works in Zhang Daqian’s Art Gallery, especially his Dunhuang murals. Zhang Daqian had facsimiled more than 200 Dunhuang murals, and Sichuan Museum collected about 183 pieces of them.
Mr. Zhang Daqian did not have much time to stay at Dunhuang, so most of his works were unfinished. After he brought his paintings back to Sichuan, he folded and packed them up and stored them in Zhaojue Temple, Shahe Village, and other places. In 1963, his family officially donated the cultural relics to Sichuan Museum.
Zhang Daqian’s Art Gallery is a great place for the public to appreciate and learn about the arts made by this master. And here, the audience will be deeply touched by the arts.
As a famous temple, Wanfo Temple is located close to Tongjin Bridge outside the West Gate of Chengdu City. It is said that it was built in the period of Yanxi (158-167) of the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220). From the Southern Dynasties (420-589) to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), it had existed for about 1,000 years.
According to the documents and inscriptions on the unearthed statues, Wanfo Temple was named Anpu Temple in the Southern Dynasty (420-589), Jingzhong Temple in the Tang Dynasty (618-907), Jingyin Temple in the Song Dynasty (960-1279), and known as Wanfo Temple in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Unfortunately, it was destroyed in the war in the late Ming Dynasty.
Since 1882, the Wanfo Temple Site has been excavated four times. More than 200 pieces of stone sculptures have been unearthed. Among them, a number of the statues unearthed were collected by Sichuan Museum, including Buddha statues, Bodhisattva statues, statue steles, statue niches, Jiyue statues(statues of musical performers), and various building components.
Stone carvings of Wanfo Temple occupy an important position in Sichuan and even in the whole country. They have rich themes, complex and complete layout, and exquisite carvings. Many of them have been exhibited at home and abroad many times, and have been listed on various catalogs.
There are some high-quality statues in the Gallery of Buddha Statues from Wanfo Temple, as well as stone sculptures unearthed in other areas of the province, which meet the needs of the public for Buddhist art. The Gallery of Buddha Statues from Wanfo Temple will attract you to appreciate the charm of Buddhist art.
Sichuan Basin was developed earlier. After the Qin Dynasty (221 B.C.-207 B.C.) unified Bashu (original name of Sichuan), the advanced culture and production technology of Central Plains spread rapidly. The production level of the agriculture and handicraft industry of the Han Dynasty (202 B.C.-220 A.D.) in Sichuan was greatly improved.
Stable and rich Sichuan naturally became an important place during the popularity of pottery and stone art, which began in the middle and late Western Han Dynasty (202 B.C.-8 A.D.), prevailed in the Eastern Han Dynasty, and lasted in the early Shuhan Dynasty (221-263).
Not only its large number and wide variety but also the portrait style of pottery and stone arts in Sichuan has local characteristics. It vividly shows all aspects of social life at that time, reaching a fairly high level both in shaping skills and carving techniques. It not only plays an important role in the study of social life, spiritual beliefs, and moral concepts of the Han Dynasty but also has written a brilliant chapter in the history of Chinese art.
More than 7,000 ethnic cultural relics are collected in Sichuan Museum. The ethnic cultural relics on display include handicrafts, religious utensils, costumes, daily necessities, tools, musical instruments, weapons, etc. They come from 14 ethnic minorities, including Yi, Tibetan, Qiang, Miao, Hui, Mongolian, Tujia, etc.
The relics are linked up to the cultures, customs, rituals of the ethnic groups and have a profound national cultural complex, exude unique and long artistic charm, and show colorful folk customs. If you want to learn about the history or some customs of Sichuan, the Gallery of Sichuan Ethnic Cultural Relics will be your best choice.
Tibetan Buddhism is a kind of localized Buddhism with strong Tibetan characteristics. It was introduced into Tibet from India and China in the 7th century and went through more than three centuries of collision and mutual absorption with the local religion “Bon” in Tibet. Tibetan Buddhism is commonly known as “Lamaism”.
Sichuan Province is the second largest Tibetan region in China. Due to its special geographical location, Sichuan Museum enshrines a large quantity of Tibetan Buddhism cultural relics, which fully reflect the spread and development of Buddhist culture in Tibetan areas for more than one thousand years.
The influence of Tibetan Buddhism on the Tibetan is extensive and profound. It has penetrated their history, politics, economy, culture, education, and customs. It has become a religion widely believed by the Tibetan people. Through long-term national cultural exchanges, it has been introduced into Mongolian, Tu, and other ethnic groups and spread in Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, and Inner Mongolia.
These cultural relics are almost all on public display for the first time. Apart from praising the profound Tibetan Buddhist culture, they will bring you the enjoyment of beauty.
The Gallery of Arts and Crafts displays the fine arts and crafts that the museum treasures. The collections cover a large span of time from the Shang Dynasty (1600 B.C.-1046 B.C.) to the late Qing Dynasty (1840-1912) and the early Republic of China. Arts and crafts are not only exquisite handicrafts but also practical objects in life. Their unique shape, gorgeous color, and beautiful carving have become an art treasure and an important part of the traditional culture of the Chinese nation.
The development of ceramics in Bashu (original name of Sichuan) epitomizes the development of Chinese ceramics, from the naive and unsophisticated Daxi colored pottery, the vivid pottery sculpture of the Han Dynasty to the unique Qingyang palace kiln, Qiong kiln, Yutang kiln, Guangyuan kiln, Cifeng kiln, Liulichang kiln, etc. All of them show the natural and simple charm of Bashu ceramics. Although they are not as exquisite as the official porcelain, they reflect the rich flavor of life. In particular, the color spots and colored paintings of Qiong kiln have expanded the new world of ceramic decoration art.
In the Gallery of Ceramics, you can experience the development of ceramics.
Sichuan’s art of calligraphy and paintings has a long history. In the Tang Dynasty, some painters came here to avoid chaos, which brought prosperity to Sichuan’s paintings and calligraphy. According to the records of Famous Calligraphers and Painters in Yizhou, there were more than 1,100 famous calligraphers and painters from Sichuan and foreign countries living in Sichuan in the two historical periods from Qianyuan of Tang Dynasty to Qiande of Song Dynasty (758-967) and from the early Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China (1736-1946).
During the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, Sichuan, as the rear area, gathered cultural celebrities and artists from all over the world, which had once again set off the popularity of modern art.
Sichuan Museum has collected a large number of exquisite bronze ware unearthed from a series of major archaeological discoveries since the 1950s, including Yangzishan, Baihuatan, and Jinsha in Chengdu, Xiaotianxi in Chongqing, Sanxingdui in Guanghan, Mao County, and Xuanhan County, etc.
Also, there are many special inscriptions on Sichuan bronze ware, and the symbols are in the shape of a palm, flower pedicle, tiger, and bird, etc. There is also some bronze ware in Sichuan that is similar to that of the neighboring vassals in style. For example, the shape and decoration of ritual vessels from the Jiuliandun tomb in Xindu(one district in Chengdu city) are similar to those bronze ware of Chu Dynasty(before 223 B.C.).
However, there are numerous Chinese classical documents but few records about the history of Sichuan. As a result, the history of Sichuan is very complicated and there are many different opinions.
In Sichuan Museum, there are a large number of exquisite bronze ware which will help visitors and researchers better understand and know about the history and development of Sichuan Province.
Since the Tang Dynasty, emperors liked to decorate themselves with jade belts. Gradually, jade belts became the symbols of status throughout the country.
According to historical records, in the winter of 915, the imperial concubines of the Shu State (907-925) often gathered together to warm themselves with fire as usual. One night, because the maid forgot to put out the fire, it ignited the curtains and quickly spread into a raging fire. The fire took advantage of the wind to burn the nearby building named Baichilou. Emperor Wang Jian used the building to store his rare and precious treasures.
After the fire went out, the emperor arranged for people to clean up the ruins to see if they could save some treasures, but unfortunately, almost all were burned into ashes. Finally, someone picked out a large piece of jade from the ashes. After erasing the black ash, the jade looked very bright and made people feel warm. The emperor regarded it as a “divine thing from heaven”. He ordered the craftsmen to make a jade belt with this “divine” jade, which would be buried with him even after his death.
Later, in 1942, the jade belt was discovered by the later villagers. The jade belt was not damaged by fire, even not broken, or stolen by others after thousands of years. It is a legendary story. At present, as a national treasure, it is stored in Sichuan Museum.
1. You cannot take pets into the museum, and children below 1.2 meters need parents’ accompanying.
2. Large bags can be stored for free.
3. You cannot take food or drinks in the exhibition hall.
4. If you decide to visit Sichuan Museum, please remember to take your relevant documents or cards.
Enter from the Gate→ Gallery of Sichuan Pottery and Stone Arts of Han Dynasty→ Temporary Exhibition Hall 1→ Temporary Exhibition Hall 2→ Temporary Exhibition Hall 3→ Gallery of Ceramics→ Gallery of Chinese Calligraphy and Paintings→ Bronze Ware in Sichuan Province→ Zhang Daqian’s Art Gallery→ Gallery of Sichuan Ethnic Cultural Relics→ Gallery of Arts and Crafts→ Gallery of Tibetan Buddhism→ Gallery of Buddha Statues from Wanfo Temple→ Temporary Exhibition Hall 4→ Temporary Exhibition Hall 5→ Exit
Take bus 19, 35, 58, 82, 151, 165, 170, 1024, 1031, Tourism 1, or Tourism 2, get off at Songxianqiao Station, and then you need to walk toward southeast about 70 meters along Qinghualu(Qinghua Road), turn right into Huanhua Nanlu(South Huanhua Road), walk about 50 meters, turn right into Qinghualu(Qinghua Road), walk about 120 meters to the destination.
Take Metro Line 5, get off at the Qingyanggong Station (Exit B), after that, you need to walk westward about 100 meters, turn right into Qingyangshangjie(Qingyang Up St.), walk about 310 meters, turn left at the intersection to cross the road, turn right to walk straight for about 130 meters, turn right, walk about 160 meters to the destination.
Chinese: 请带我去四川博物院的北门。English: Please take me to the North Gate of Sichuan Museum.
Chinese: 请带我去四川博物院的东南门。English: Please take me to the Southeast Gate of Sichuan Museum.
If you go to Sichuan Museum from the Chengdu City Center (Rhombus Park Aura Chengdu Hotel), it takes about 20 minutes (about 20 yuan).
If you go to Sichuan Museum from Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, it takes about 35 minutes (about 70 yuan).
If you go to Sichuan Museum from Chengdu Railway Station, it takes about 20 minutes (about 20 yuan).
If you go to Sichuan Museum from Chengdu East Railway Station, it takes about 30 minutes (about 35 yuan).
If you go to Sichuan Museum from Chengdu West Railway Station, it takes about 20 minutes (about 20 yuan).
If you go to Sichuan Museum from Chengdu South Railway Station, it takes about 22 minutes (about 25 yuan).